Type Machinery in Detail

Fixing and Making Typecasting & Hot Metal Printing Machinery

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"The machine has not killed good craftsmanship; the machine in the hands of the craftsman is merely a more intricate tool than any that was available to the earlier worker..." - Frederic W. Goudy. Typologia. (1940).

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These Notebooks contain relatively detailed technical information about this equipment. For more general, "semi-technical," and historical information, see Surveys: Type Processes and Machinery -> Introduction II: Surveys of the Equipment.

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Composing Linecasters

[NOT YET BACK ONLINE; sorry] Linotype and Intertype: Principles, Practice, Maintenance & Restoration, Auxiliary Machines, and Reprints of Literature. [NOT DONE: Linotype/Intertype Matrix Data, Specimens, & Typography.]

This set of Notebooks is indended to address fairly detailed technical issues in the construction, maintenance, and restoration of these machines. For the adventure of hauling home this equipment, see the accounts in Introduction II - Surveys of the Equipment . For their ordinary use (and daily maintenance) see " Composing and Casting Type," below.

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Noncomposing Linecasters

The Ludlow Typograph. Reprints of Ludlow Literature. [NOT DONE: Ludlow Matrix Data, Specimens, & Typography.] [Nothing yet on the A-P-L or Nebitype]

As is the case with the Composing Linecaster Notebooks, above, these Notebooks concern details of the machinery, not its daily use or the acquisition of our own machines.

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Composing Typecasters

The Monotype Composition Caster. General Monotype literature. IN PROCESS: Monotype Matrix Data, Specimens, & Typography.

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Noncomposing Typecasters

Machines which cast individual types to be used in hand composition. The Thompson Type-Caster, and Nuernberger-Rettig (aka Universal) Typecaster, the Monotype Type-&-Rule Caster. Church's 1822 system. [Foundry Specimens & Typography.]

The Thompson (suitably equippped with now rare accessories) and (more commonly) the Monotype display machines could produce not only individual types but also strip material through fusion casting. For machines devoted exclusively to strip material, whether continuous-cast or fusion-cast, see the Strip-Casters Notebooks, below.

Also, a List of All Type Specimen and Matrix Information on CircuitousRoot .

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Noncasting Type Composing Machinery

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Making Printing Matrices & Types

Everything I can put together concerning the making of physical printing matrices and types except casting machines (for which see Noncomposing Typecasters, above). Punchcutting (hand and machine), patrix cutting (hand and machine), matrix electroforming, matrix cutting, typemetal, hand typecasting, type finishing and fonting, etc. Bibliography of type-making and reprinted literature. Also some history of type design, but with an emphasis on punchcutters and typefounders. This is a huge topic, and what I have here is very incomplete.

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Machines devoted exclusively to casting strip material.

True continuous-casting strip-casters. The Elrod. The Universal.

Fusion-casting machine. [NOTHING YET] The Monotype Material Maker.

For fusion-casting machine capable of producing both types and strip material, see the Thompson and various Monotype display casters in " Noncomposing Typecasters," above.

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Common Casting Equipment

("Common" in the sense of "used with multiple kinds of casting machines.") Metal Feeders. [Remelting Furnaces and Molds (except Hammond and Monomelt).] [Thermometers.] [Typemetal Assaying.]

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Note also that letterpress methods (both hand-set and hot metal type) have often been used for processes other than conventional letterpress printing. These are covered elsewhere, and include:

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Just some literature right now: "Electricaster." Hammond MatMakir, EasyKaster, RouterPlaner.

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The use of electrotyping to produce plates. [NOTHING YET]

Not the use of electroforming to make typecasting matrices.

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Nontypographical Cuts and Ornaments

In each of the three sections above ( Stereotyping, Electrotyping, and Photoengraving) there should be a subsection of specimen literature for cuts and decorative material offered from stock (as opposed to that made to special order for a customer). However, it isn't always obvious from the surviving specimens what process was used - so I've put them all in a single section here.

This section excludes ornaments cast as type or borders, cuts and ornaments sold by typefoundries (regardless of process), and ornamental material sold in linecasting or typecasting matrix, border slide, or rule mold form.

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Letterpress for Nonrelief Processes

Letterpress methods adapted for non-relief printing processes: The Ludlow Brightype System for photographing letterpress composition for offset plates. The Ludlow/Hammond Hot Metal Paste-Up system.

This is the opposite of photoengraving (see above) and photopolymer plate technology / flexography, which are the use of nonletterpress techniques (photographic and digital composition) to produce relief printing plates.

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Composing Room Equipment

Printer's Saw: Literature (Hill-Curtis/Hammond TrimOsaw, C&G/Morrison, Nelson). Honig (Universal Mono-Tabular) Rule Broach.

[NOT DONE] [Wiring the Hammond Glider G Trim-O-Saw.] [Making a Full Rouse Slug Cutter Out of Two Partial Ones.] [Derusting Galleys.] [Recasting a Morrison/C&G Wheel Guard]

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Printing Presses

Sigwalt and Kelsey literature. Golding Pearl trucks. Miller literature. Pointers to C&P literature. C&P Cylinder literature.

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Paper handling (cutting, folding) and bookbinding equipment normally found in an older printing establishment. (For similar equipment intended for an office environment, see An Office Miscellany up and over in the Typefounding, Lettering, & Printing set of Notebooks.)

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